真人|博彩现金网

                                    Where: Global reach

                                    Did you know?
                                      • Since 2010, seven new countries have joined the OECD.
                                      • Colombia has become the OECD’s 37th Member country.
                                      • OECD countries and Key Partners represent about 80% of world trade and investment.

                                    The OECD brings together Member countries and a range of partners that collaborate on key global issues at national, regional and local levels. Through our standards, programmes and initiatives, we  help drive and anchor reform in more than 100 countries around the world, building on our collective wisdom and shared values.

                                    Member countries

                                    Today, our 37 Member countries span the globe, from North and South America to Europe and Asia-Pacific. They are represented by ambassadors at the OECD Council, which defines and oversees our work, as set out in the OECD Convention. Member countries engage with our experts, use our data and analysis to inform policy decisions,  and play a key role in our country reviews, which are designed to encourage better performances. The European Commission participates in our work, but it does not have the right to vote.

                                    View list of countries
                                    Country
                                    Year of accession
                                    Australia flag
                                    Australia
                                    Year of accession 1971
                                    Austria flag
                                    Austria
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Belgium flag
                                    Belgium
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Canada flag
                                    Canada
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Chile flag
                                    Chile
                                    Year of accession 2010
                                    Colombia flag
                                    Colombia
                                    Year of accession 2020
                                    Czech Republic flag
                                    Czech Republic
                                    Year of accession 1995
                                    Denmark flag
                                    Denmark
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Estonia flag
                                    Estonia
                                    Year of accession 2010
                                    Finland flag
                                    Finland
                                    Year of accession 1969
                                    France flag
                                    France
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Germany flag
                                    Germany
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Greece flag
                                    Greece
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Hungary flag
                                    Hungary
                                    Year of accession 1996
                                    Iceland flag
                                    Iceland
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Ireland flag
                                    Ireland
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Israel flag
                                    Israel
                                    Year of accession 2010
                                    Italy flag
                                    Italy
                                    Year of accession 1962
                                    Japan flag
                                    Japan
                                    Year of accession 1964
                                    Korea flag
                                    Korea
                                    Year of accession 1996
                                    Latvia flag
                                    Latvia
                                    Year of accession 2016
                                    Lithuania flag
                                    Lithuania
                                    Year of accession 2018
                                    Luxembourg flag
                                    Luxembourg
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Mexico flag
                                    Mexico
                                    Year of accession 1994
                                    Netherlands flag
                                    Netherlands
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    New Zealand flag
                                    New Zealand
                                    Year of accession 1973
                                    Norway flag
                                    Norway
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Poland flag
                                    Poland
                                    Year of accession 1996
                                    Portugal flag
                                    Portugal
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Slovak Republic flag
                                    Slovak Republic
                                    Year of accession 2000
                                    Slovenia flag
                                    Slovenia
                                    Year of accession 2010
                                    Spain flag
                                    Spain
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Sweden flag
                                    Sweden
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Switzerland flag
                                    Switzerland
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    Turkey flag
                                    Turkey
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    United Kingdom flag
                                    United Kingdom
                                    Year of accession 1961
                                    United States flag
                                    United States
                                    Year of accession 1961

                                    OECD accession candidates

                                    Becoming a Member of the OECD is not a simple formality but is the result of an increasingly rigorous review process. The OECD Council, which comprises of all the Members of the Organisation, decides on the opening of accession discussions and considerations to open an accession process can be made on the initiative of the Council itself or upon receipt of a written request by a country interested in OECD membership. An accession roadmap is then adopted by the Council, setting out the terms, conditions and process for accession. This roadmap lists the technical reviews to be undertaken by OECD committees in various policy areas in order to evaluate the candidate country’s willingness and ability to implement relevant OECD legal instruments, as well as its policies and practices compared with OECD best policies and practices in the corresponding policy area. This often results in a series of recommendations for change to align the candidate country further to OECD standards and best practices.

                                    Once the technical process is completed, the OECD Council makes a decision on inviting the candidate country to become a Member. An Accession Agreement is signed and the candidate country takes the necessary domestic steps and deposits an instrument of accession to the OECD Convention with the depositary. On the date of deposit, the country formally becomes a Member of the OECD.

                                    The OECD accession process has become increasingly rigorous over time, reflecting the growing expertise of the Organisation, the increasing number of legal instruments adopted, and the demonstrated value of providing candidate countries with a more thorough assessment of their policy framework to encourage reforms.

                                    The most recent country to join the OECD was Colombia, in April 2020. In April 2015, accession discussions began with Costa Rica, and the process is now well under way.

                                    View list of candidates for accession
                                    Country
                                    Costa Rica flag
                                    Costa Rica
                                    Year of accession

                                    Key Partners

                                    The OECD works closely with some of the world’s largest economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa, who are OECD Key Partners. They participate in the OECD’s daily work, bringing useful perspectives and increasing the relevance of policy debates. Key Partners participate in policy discussions in OECD bodies, take part in regular OECD surveys and are included in statistical databases.

                                    Joint Programmes of Work have been developed with Brazil, China and Indonesia – starting 2014. Similar programmes are currently under discussion with India and South Africa. The Joint Programmes of Work contribute to enhanced co-operation and to progressively bringing the Key Partners closer to OECD standards.

                                    List of key partners
                                    Country
                                    Brazil flag
                                    Brazil
                                    Year of accession
                                    China flag
                                    China
                                    Year of accession
                                    India flag
                                    India
                                    Year of accession
                                    Indonesia flag
                                    Indonesia
                                    Year of accession
                                    South Africa flag
                                    South Africa
                                    Year of accession

                                    Regional initiatives

                                    We collaborate across countries at a regional level, notably through regional initiatives, spanning Africa, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and South East Europe. Regional initiatives help facilitate policy benchmarking and the exchange of good practices between countries in a specific geographical area within and across regions. They also help guide countries towards globally recognised standards and ambitious reform agendas to unlock greater prosperity and well-being for citizens, including at a local and city level. Non-member countries and economies may also be invited to participate in OECD meetings through different levels of partnerships, as well as Global Fora.

                                    Country-specific co-operation

                                    We work with a range of countries through Country programmes and Country-specific approaches – to help them move closer to OECD standards and policy recommendations and support their policy reforms in specific pre-determined areas, such as integrity, anti-corruption, governance, rule of law, investment, business climate.

                                    We have successfully conducted and completed two Country Programmes – with Peru and Kazakhstan – and are currently implementing two additional programmes with Thailand and Morocco, and discussing future programmes with Egypt and Viet Nam. Through our Country-specific approaches, the OECD supported Tunisia (in 2012) and Ukraine (in 2014) as part of this joint work.

                                    OECD Development Center

                                    The OECD Development Centre, which includes countries from Africa, Asia and Latin America, facilitates policy dialogue for and with developing and emerging economies. The Centre contributes expert analysis to the debate on development policy. The objective is to help decision makers find policy solutions to stimulate growth and improve living conditions in developing and emerging economies. We also host the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC), an international platform aimed at promoting regional policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people in the Sahel and West Africa.

                                    List of regions
                                    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Print Email
                                    arrow arrow
                                    Annual report
                                    Discover the
                                    OECD
                                    download
                                    Brochure
                                    Read our
                                    annual report
                                    download

                                                                      Mobile Games

                                                                      Buy a car

                                                                      search for

                                                                      Buddhism

                                                                      culture

                                                                      news

                                                                      news

                                                                      fashion

                                                                      news